From the pregnancy in October to the baby's cramming to the ground, to babbling and toddlers, a large amount of nutrition is not only closely related to the health of the mother and child, but also affects the baby's physical and mental development. Therefore, at the critical stage of the baby's initial growth, giving balanced, comprehensive and adequate nutrition can help the baby lay a solid foundation for a healthy life.
When the babies were still in the mother's stomach, they began to lay a healthy foundation. They kept absorbing the mother's nutrition from the umbilical cord. Therefore, pregnant mothers should not only be full, but also "eat well", and supplement high-quality nutritious foods according to the developmental characteristics of the baby at different stages.
It is important to protect the embryo in the first trimester
When the pregnant mother learns that she is pregnant, the baby is already developing in the mother's body. The first 3 months of pregnancy is the initial stage of fetal development, rapid development, and also an important time for the formation of the heart and blood vessels of the fetus.
Since the baby's embryo sac first became pregnant in January, the blood of the pregnant mother has changed. At this time, the nutritional supplement of pregnant mothers should focus on nourishing sperm and protecting the embryo, so as to lay a good foundation for the rapid development of the baby in the later period. In February and March of pregnancy, when the expectant mother's various early pregnancy reactions are strong, it is an important period for the birth of the baby's blood vessels, the formation of the heart and organs, and there can be no mistakes. Therefore, pregnant mothers in the first trimester should have a nutritionally balanced diet plan, supplement calcium, iron, iodine, vitamins and folic acid and other substances in the diet as early as possible, and pay attention to moderate hunger and satiety, eat less and eat more meals. At the same time, the pregnant mother's diet should avoid spicy and stimulating food, mainly light, to reduce early pregnancy reactions, to ensure that pregnant women and fetuses in the abdomen will not be malnourished.
Pregnancy nutrition in the second trimester
The second trimester of pregnancy is a period of rapid development of the fetus, and it is also a critical period of fetal growth. Not only the length and weight of the fetus are growing faster, but the baby's bones and teeth are also starting to form. At this stage, the baby had the first fetal movement, and began to hear the mother's heartbeat and the peristaltic movements of the digestive system. He could even hear the voice of the conversation occasionally. There was a deeper connection between the mother and the baby.
At this stage, when the mother-to-be teaches her baby nutritional prenatal education, she must first have a comprehensive and objective plan for her diet, add enough calories and nutrition, make it delicious and diversified, ensure that the nutrition is rich, but not Eat too much; eat different nutrients through different varieties of vegetables and fruits, so as to avoid the lack of nutrition or imbalance in the baby.
At the same time, expectant mothers at this stage may have anemia of pregnancy, so the absorption of iron is particularly important. The diet should pay attention to nourishing yin and nourishing blood, and appropriately increase the consumption of staple food and animal internal organs.
Smart baby for comprehensive nutrition in the third trimester
The "burden" of pregnant moms in the last three months of pregnancy is getting heavier, not only inconvenient to move, but also prone to symptoms of weak temper such as edema. But at this time, it is the "sensitive period" for the proliferation of fetal brain cells and fat cells. For the first time, fetal babies opened their eyes. With touch, taste (feeling the smell of amniotic fluid), sight, hearing and even smell, brain growth reached a peak. If you want to customize a smart baby, the nutritional supplements in the third trimester must not be ignored.
In the third trimester of pregnancy, we must first increase protein intake and eat more animal foods and legumes. If the intake of calories and protein is insufficient, it will make the fetal brain cells differentiate slowly, and eventually reduce the total number of brain cells. Secondly, more than half of the calcium in the baby's body is accumulated in the second trimester of pregnancy, so it is necessary to ensure that sufficient calcium is taken at this stage. Third, to ensure the intake of essential fatty acids to meet the needs of fetal baby brain development, eat more sea fish food.
In short, for pregnant mothers, according to the physiological needs of pregnancy during the early, middle and late stages of fetal growth and development, scientifically adjust the diet, reasonably strengthen nutrition, and lay a solid foundation for the development of baby talent.